How to Create Sticky Header with CSS and JavaScript


We can create sticky header using simple css and easy javascript code in next three easy step.

why we need to sticky header for  our website  and web application

A sticky header is a navigation menu or banner that remains fixed at the top of the browser window as the user scrolls down a web page. It ensures that the sticky header is always accessible, which can be especially useful for long pages where users would have to scroll all the way up to navigate to another section.

How to create sticky header using css and javascript, Step-by-step Implementation 

1. Create the HTML Structure:

Start by creating the basic HTML structure for your header and main content.

sticky Header html code

2. Style the Header and Content:

In the CSS, set the initial styles for the header.

sticky headers css

3. Add the JavaScript:

To make the header sticky, we will use JavaScript to add and remove a CSS class based on the scroll position.

Header sticky javascript code

Here’s what the script does:

  • It listens for the onscroll event of the window.
  • It checks whether the user has scrolled beyond the initial position of the header (sticky). If so, it adds the .sticky class to the header, which gives it a fixed position. Otherwise, it removes the class.

Alternative: we can create sticky header Using position: sticky:

Modern browsers support the position: sticky property in CSS, which can also be used to create sticky headers without JavaScript:

sticky headers without JavaScript

By setting the top property to 0, the header will become sticky as soon as its top edge reaches the top of the viewport.

why we need to create sticky header for website and web application

  1. Improved Navigation: Sticky headers keep the main navigation menu or site logo accessible at all times. This can be particularly beneficial for websites with long pages of content, as users don’t have to scroll back to the top to access the main menu.
  2. Enhanced User Experience: By providing consistent navigation, sticky headers can make a site feel more intuitive and user-friendly. Users can jump to other sections or pages of the site without much effort.
  3. Branding Consistency: For websites where branding is essential, keeping the logo or brand name visible at all times can reinforce brand recognition and trust.
  4. Space Optimization: Sticky headers can be used to display crucial information continuously. For example, e-commerce sites might use sticky headers to show cart status, making it easy for users to check out whenever they’re ready.
  5. Decrease in Bounce Rate: By making navigation user-friendly and readily accessible, users may be more likely to explore more pages on the website, potentially leading to a decrease in bounce rate.
  6. Promotion & CTAs: Some websites use a part of the sticky header to highlight promotions, offers, or important call-to-action (CTA) buttons. This ensures that the promotional message or CTA is always in sight.
  7. Enhanced Mobile Experience: On mobile devices, scrolling back to the top can be cumbersome. A sticky header ensures that mobile users always have access to the main navigation, enhancing their browsing experience.
  8. Feedback & Interaction: Sticky headers can also contain tools or buttons for quick feedback, search bars, or chat functions. This allows users to interact, search, or communicate without navigating away from their current position on the page.
  9. Predictability: Regular web users are becoming accustomed to sticky navigation features. Offering this feature can meet user expectations, providing a sense of familiarity.

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